We may not be going abroad much this summer, but that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t be sun safety aware: even on a cloudy day in the UK, your child’s delicate skin can burn.

So how can I make sure my family are safe in the sun? Charlotte from Mini First Aid HQ talks you through everything you need to know . . .

 

Be mindful of the time of year, and time of day!

In a hot holiday destination, you need to be careful all year round, and especially between the hours of 11am and 3pm when the sun is at its strongest.

In the UK parents should take particular care of their children’s skin between the months of March and October.

Always keep children aged under 6 months out of direct sunlight, especially in the middle of the day when the sun is at it’s strongest – their young skin doesn’t contain enough melanin, the pigment that gives skin, hair and eyes their colour, and provides some protection from the sun.

So on a hot day, whether abroad or at home, aim to spend plenty of time in the shade between 11am and 3pm.

 

Wearing the right clothes / hats / sunglasses is super important

Cover babies and children up with suitable clothing, ideally light long sleeved layers and long trousers if they are going to be in the sun for a long time. On the beach, rash vests or long-sleeved / legged costumes are a great option for sun safety.

Don’t forget a hat, which should be wide brimmed to shade the face, neck and ears, or have a long flap at the back.

Wraparound sunglasses are the best option for children. When buying sunglasses make sure they carry both the BSEN 1836:2005 and CE kite marks.

 

Understand how to use sunscreen safely

It’s not just a case of slapping anything on and hoping for the best. Be mindful of the following:

·      Children should be using AT LEAST SPF30 sunscreen. Make sure the product you are using also protects against both UVA and UVB rays (for more on this see below)

·      Sunscreen should ideally be applied 30 minutes before sun exposure, to all exposed parts of the body

·      When kids are swimming, sunscreen needs to be reapplied immediately after coming out of the water, even if it is “water-resistant”

·      Reapply sunscreen at least every 2 hours, even when not playing in the water, as it can be rubbed off when sweating and the sun naturally “drys” it off our skin

·      Make sure you use enough sunscreen and don’t apply too thinly as the amount of protection given is then reduced – if you are unsure, this is one instance where more is better!

·      Make sure your sunscreen has not passed its expiry date – most sunscreens have a 12 month limit on their ability to protect skin once opened, indicated by a little “open pot” symbol on the packaging (see image). Otherwise you are just slathering your child in what is essentially expensive moisturiser!

 

 

Do a skin test

I’ve lost track of the amount of sunscreen products my daughter's skin has reacted to with itchiness, soreness or hives. Make sure that you test any new products on a small patch of skin BEFORE you go on holiday / on a day out so you don’t risk a skin reaction when you land poolside / on the beach – I can tell you from bitter experience that packing up to go home for the day because you don’t have the right sun protection is the worst!

 

What is SPF and star-rating?

You will not be the first parent utterly bamboozled by the array of suncare products available, and the acronyms used in sun protection. Basically, the skin needs to be protected from 2 types of the suns radiation: UVB and UVA.

SPF stands for Sun Protection Factor, and is a measure of the amount of ultraviolet B radiation (UVB) protection that a product gives you. An SPF of 50+ offers the strongest form of UVB protection. It is recommended that a product with an SPF of at least 30 is used on children’s skin.

Ultraviolet A radiation (UVA) protection is measured by a “star rating”. On UK sunscreens you should see a star rating of up to 5 stars somewhere on the bottle. The higher the star rating, then the better the UVA protection your sunscreen will give you. For children’s skin, it’s recommended you use products with at least a 4 out of 5 star rating.

 

What do I do if my child gets sunburn?

Sometimes, even if you think you have taken all necessary precautions, your child’s skin may get sunburned. Here is our advice if this happens:

 

For mild sunburn:

·      it sounds obvious but get out of the sun and into shade as soon as possible if you suspect sunburn

·      cool your child’s skin with a cool shower or bath, or even a damp towel, but take care babies or little children don’t get too cold – allow to air dry if warm enough or pat skin gently with a soft towel

·      encourage your child to drink lots of water or diluted squash to cool down and prevent dehydration. For bottle fed babies under 6 months, cooled boiled water can be offered in addition to their usual formula milk

·      a painkiller such as paracetamol can be given if your child is in pain from their sunburn

·      keep sunburnt skin covered by clothing and out of direct sunlight until the skin has fully healed

 

Signs that it might be more serious:

Following an episode of sunburn, monitor your child for signs of heat exhaustion which include:

·      headache

·      floppiness and sleepiness

·      dizziness / confusion

·      loss of appetite / feeling sick

·      excessive sweating and pale clammy skin

·      a high temperature of 38C or above

·      excessive thirst

 

Cooling your child down is the priority (see above for advice on how to do this) – they should start to feel better within 30 minutes. If not, this could indicate heatstroke which is much more serious and should be treated as a medical emergency by calling 999.

 

If you have any concerns about your child following an episode of sunburn, call 111 or seek GP help urgently. Heatstroke is a medical emergency and you should call 999 immediately if suspected.

 

Whatever you and your family have planned for the summer, we hope you have lots of fun playing safely in the sun!

Charlotte and The Mini First Aid Team x

 

Sources:

https://www.nhs.uk/live-well/healthy-body/sunscreen-and-sun-safety/

 

https://www.hct.nhs.uk/media/1921/staying-safe-in-the-sun.pdf

 

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/baby/first-aid-and-safety/safety/safety-in-the-sun/